Buddha taught different meditation techniques to deal with different problems. And each technique is designed in such a way to evolve wisdom and develop a particular state of mind.
Each Buddhist practice requires a particular procedure to follow. So, you should be ready to guide your life as per the requirements of the meditation. Some common Buddhist meditation techniques:
Mindfulness of Breathing (Anapana Sati):
This technique of meditation is guided by not only Buddhism but also by various other religions. While the process may vary in other religious practices, the main intention is to achieve mindfulness. You can perform such meditation anytime as there is no particular time to do this.
The 4 P’s
This meditation practice requires following 4Ps. And those 4Ps are the place, posture, practice, and problem. First of all, you should find a place where you can sit alone and peacefully. Then, set your posture. Sit comfortably, cross your legs, and rest your hands in the lap. Now, start the practice. You should have to keep a watch on your breathing. While practicing, you will realize that various thoughts and problems arise that disturbs your mind. You just need to be patient and try to keep your mind clear.
Loving Kindness Meditation (Metta Bhavana):
The Metta Bhavana practice is to spread love, well-being, kindness, and compassion towards yourself and others. Once your mind is receptive and attained the state of mindfulness, you should practice this meditation. You can even start practicing it once you have completed two or three weeks of Anapana Sati or mindfulness or breathing meditation.
In this particular Buddhist meditation technique, you should have to repeat a few sentences like ‘May I be well and happy, may I and other living beings be safe.’ You should start with your happiness and well-being. Once you practice this for 3 times a week, you should start repeating such sentences for people, animals or other living things that you love or care about. And then, you should wish well for your enemies regardless of how you feel for them.
Calm Abiding Meditation (Samatha):
As the name suggests, this Buddhist focus technique is designed to improve your focus and concentration. The main motto of this practice is to stabilize your mind and create peace in you. So, the constant practice of this meditation will teach you how to be calm and patient.
You should pick an external object or keep the statue of Buddha as an object to focus on. You can also pay attention to your breathing for focusing. Sit in a comfortable position that does not hurt your back or knee for practicing this meditation.
4. Create Awareness (Vipassana):
This meditation practice is to develop insights and create awareness. In this type of contemplation, you do need to pay attention to your different body parts and notice all sensation arising and passing in such parts. It helps in discovering the true self of a person.